Neural Interfaces

Neural Interfaces
Resistance Manifesto | February 27, 2006
Neural Interface (electrodes wired directly into the brain)
Neural Interfaces A Neural Interface is any type of data link between the human nervous system and an external device, such as an electronic or hybrid computer or machine. Such links allow the transmission of information to and from the human nervous system to the external devices. Bioelectric signals are obtained from the body or brain via implanted electrodes or computer chips and are converted from an analog to a digital format. Early innovations with Neural Interfaces allowed users to control cursors, play video games, or control electronic devices such as robots. Amputees will also be able to use Neural Interfaces to control advanced prostheses. At the Palo Alto Rehabilitation Research and Development Center, developers have working on the Nerve Chip, a device that provides a direct interface to peripheral nerves within an amputee’s nerve stump and detects electrical signals able to control prosthetic limbs. Such devices will no doubt be a benefit to the physically handicapped, allowing them greater mobility and control over their environment. One such benefit specifically highlighted is by using Neural Interfaces to obtain control signals from undamaged sensor-motor areas of the brain to control neuroprosthetic devices (such as artificial arms or wheelchairs) so that paralyzed people can regain certain motor functions. But, once Neural Interfaces have reached the complexity and capability of controlling the emotions, memories, and thoughts of people connected to such devices, the potential for abuse is limitless. It‟s been admitted that the CIA has been involved with Satanic experiments and research involving brainwashing and torture. Many of the Nazi scientists who experimented on mind control in Germany were secretly brought into the U.S. under Project Paper Clip, where their work continued. (See Mind Control) The findings and devices that have come out of such research which has been made public, only begin to expose the depths of these Satanic experiments on unknowing and unwilling subjects. These devices play an intimate role in the Beast‟s system of slavery as Neural Interfaces open the door to the last sacred place on earth, the human mind. Physicist Stephen Hawking, for example, believes that we should “develop as quickly as possible technologies that make possible a direct connection between brain and computer, so that artificial brains contribute to human intelligence rather than opposing it.”(#1) The mysterious creator of the Georgia Guidestones alluded to the combination of man and machine in the 1980s, saying, “We suggest that scholars throughout the world begin now to establish new bases upon which later generations can develop a totally new universal language for men and machines. It will be adapted to our speech mechanism and to the language faculties and patterns impress in our nervous systems. Its spoken and printed forms will capable of accurate interchange by electromechanical means.” (Christian, Robert – Common Sense Renewed [1986] p. 14-15) (See Georgia Guidestones) History of Neural Interfaces Dr. Jose Delgado, a neurophysiologist at Yale University in the 1960s carried out experiments involving Electronic Stimulation of the brain and by implanting a small electrode in the brain of animals and using a device he called a stimoceiver, which operated by FM radio waves, he was able to
electrically control a wide range of emotions in his subject. In his book Physical Control of the Mind, Dr. Delgado said in the early 70‟s: “The technology for nonsensory communication between brains and computers through the intact skin is already at our fingertips, and its consequences are difficult to predict. In the past the progress of civilization has tremendously magnified the power of our senses, muscles, and skills. Now we are adding a new dimension: the direct interface between brains and machines. Although true, this statement is perhaps too spectacular and it requires cautious clarification. Our present knowledge regarding the coding of information, mechanisms of perception, and neuronal bases of behavior is so elemental that it is highly improbable that electrical correlates of thoughts or emotions could be picked up, transmitted, and electrically applied to the suitable structure of a different subject in order to be recognized and to trigger related thoughts or emotions. It is, however, already possible to induce a large variety of responses, from motor effects to emotional reactions and intellectual manifestations, by direct electrical stimulation of the brain. Also, several investigators have learned to identify patterns of electrical activity (which a computer could also recognize) localized in specific areas of the brain and related to determined phenomena such as perception of smells or visual perception of edges and movements. We are advancing rapidly in the pattern recognition of electrical correlates of behavior and in the methodology for two-way radio communication between brain and computers.” (Delgado, Jose – Physical Control of the Mind p. Page 95 – 96) Delgado acknowledge people expressed fears that this new technology was a threat to possible unwanted and unethical remote control of the cerebral activities of man by other men, but wrote this danger is quite improbable and is outweighed by the expected clinical and scientific benefits. The Washington Post reported in 2003 that scientists in North Carolina had built a brain implant that lets monkeys control a robotic arm with their thoughts, marking the first time in history that mental thoughts and intentions had been harnessed and were able to move a mechanical object and perform various tasks such as grabbing objects and adjusting the grip.(#2) The researchers no doubt had in mind that soon the technology would be able to help people who had been paralyzed or had spinal cord injuries by enabling them to operate machines with their thoughts as naturally as others do with their hands. It was also planed that paralyzed people could have movement to their own arms or legs restored. The scientists also planned that the technology would soon allow soldiers to control wireless robots which will be used during war and for other operations. (See Terminators) Neurobiologist Miguel Nicolesis from Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina and his colleagues had been able to demonstrate the recording and analysis of brain waves and the ability to decipher different signals from different animals. These advanced experiments, led by Miguel A.L. and published in the journal PLoS Biology, were more examples of progressions of science fiction-like studies, in which animals and humans had learned to use their brain and thoughts to operate external mechanical devices. Until Nicolesis‟ achievements, such interactions had been limited to making a cursor move on a computer screen or other non-mechanical type operations. Later came the creation of the system where monkeys could consciously control the movement of a robotic arm attached to a Neural Interface. The researchers implanted hundreds of electrodes the diameter of human hairs into areas of the brains of rhesus macaque monkeys that were known to produce signals which control the movement of various muscles and limbs. The signals from the electrodes were downloaded and analyzed by a computer in order to develop recognizable patterns of signals which represented particular movements by the monkey‟s arm. Surgery The surgeries were painstaking, taking nearly 10 hours. The monkeys had bundles of wires protruding from their heads and had
glue used to fill in the bits of missing bone in their skulls. When asked about the abuse of the monkeys, Nicolelis insisted they liked the experiments saying, “If anything, they’re enjoying themselves playing these games. It enriches their lives,” he said. “You don’t have to do anything to get these guys into their chair. They go right there. That’s play time.” He added. “It’s quite plausible that the perception is you’re extended into the robot arm, or the arm is an extension of you,” agreed the University of Washington’s Fetz, a pioneer in the field of brain-controlled devices. Then, in 2005 the BBC reported that a robot arm controlled by a Neural Interface created at the University of Pittsburgh was fully mobile from the shoulder and elbow and had a gripper that works like a hand. “It moves much like your own arm would move.” Said Dr Andrew Schwartz of Pittsburgh University. But before long, the scientists said, they would upgrade the system so that the users could transmit their mental commands to machines wirelessly. “For something basic like grasping a cup of coffee or brushing your teeth, apparently you could do almost all of this with this kind of prosthesis,” said Idan Segev, director of the center for neurocomputation at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.(#3) Testing on Humans John P. Donoghue, a neuroscientist at Brown University had been developing a similar system for paralyzed patients saying one of the first benefits of the interface would be the ability of people to type and communicate on the Internet by simply thinking. The list of potential applications is endless. “Once you have an output signal out of the brain that you can interpret, the possibilities of what you can do with those signals are immense,” said Donoghue co-founder of Cyberkinetics Inc. of Foxboro, Massachusetts. Nicolelis and others persued approval from the Food and Drug Administration to do experiments on humans. Human tests have already shown corresponding patterns of brain signals linked to limb movements. The algorithm sends the messages from the brain to the robotic arm, which carries out the actions the monkey intended to perform with its own limbs. The monkeys in the experiment were able to grasp and hold food with the robotic arm, while their real arms were restrained. “We can use the population vector to accurately predict the velocity and direction of normal arm movement,” said Dr Schwartz. “It moves much like your own arm would move” he added. Dr Schwartz said his team was working to develop prosthesis with realistic hand and finger movements. A Foxborough, Massachusetts-based company called Cyberkinetics built a Neural Interface system named BrainGate which allowed the user to control a Pong paddle, draw with a cursor, operate a TV, and open email.(#4) Cyberkinetics is only one of several labs working on Neural Interfaces, and many of them are funded by more than $25 million in grants from the U.S. Department of Defense, which is currently working on such systems being implemented with soldiers. (See Terminators) In March 2005, Cyberkinetics announced a user with BrainGate was capable of turning on a TV and could change the channels. Depression Implant It is widely reported that nearly 10% of Americans suffer from depression, and the widespread drugging of the population has resulted from such claims, aiding the pharmaceutical industry while sedating the population. In February 2005, the FDA conditionally approved a Neural Interface system to treat chronic depression.(#5) The system targets the Vagus Nerve and is called VNS Therapy, and consists of a pacemaker-like device which is
implanted under a person‟s chest which gives electrical impulses to the brain through an electrode connected to a nerve in the person‟s neck. Cyberonics has sold a similar device for reducing seizures in people with epilepsy. It costs about $20,000 including surgical and hospital expenses, said Cyberonics Chief Executive Skip Cummins. The FDA said approval was conditional on final labeling, protocols for a post-marketing dosing study, as well as resolution of manufacturing issues and any outstanding clinical trial issues. On June 2004, an FDA advisory panel voted 5-2 to recommend approval of the device for chronically depressed patients who had failed other treatments. The agency, however, turned down the company’s application earlier in August. Cyberonics then submitted an amended application, hoping to overcome FDA concerns about the device’s safety and effectiveness for relieving severe depression. Side effects of the device include hoarseness and throat tingling. The device is the only product Cyberonics sells. Annual sales are about $110 million. The company said it is building its organization to support a potential late 2005 launch of the product for depression. Military Applications Published documents from the Department of Defense show that in the mid 1990s plans were being drawn up to use Neural Interfaces, not only on our troops, but on the civilian population as outlined in Chapter 4 of Information Operations: A New War-Fighting Capability contained in Volume 3 of Air Force 2025 by the U.S. Department of Defense (1996). Air Force 2025 is a report on a study conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense which identified the technologies and practices that will need to be implemented by the year 2025, in order for the United States to “remain the dominant air and space force in the 21st century.” Of course, an element of that technology is Neural Interfaces. “The implanted microscopic brain chip performs two functions. First, it links the individual to the IIC creating a seamless interface the user and the information resources. In essence, the chip relays the processed information from the IIC to the user, second the chip creates a computer generated mental visualization based upon the user‟s request.” (p. 35) And what is the key reason for supporting the implant able brain chip? Security, of course. “An implanted microscopic chip does not require security measures to verify whether the right person is connected to the IIC, whereas a room, helmet, or sunglasses requires additional time-consuming access control mechanisms to verify and individual‟s identity and level of control within the Cyber Situation.” (p. 35) This document published in 1996 foresaw resistance to such ideas citing, “Implanting „things‟ in people raises ethical and public relations issues. While these concerns may be founded on today‟s thinking, in 2025 they may not be as alarming” and goes on to say, “The civilian populace will likely accept an implanted microscopic chips that allow military members to defend vital national interests.” (p. 36) Aside from military applications, Information Operations describes possible commercial uses. “This capability will have extraordinary commercial applications from medical advances. These advances will help restore patients with damaged neural, audio, and visual systems as well as enable them to achieve the ultimate virtual reality trip.” (p. 25) The documents actually say, „ultimate reality trip‟ pointing to the use of uploading information into the human mind in the form of the five senses by being physically connected to the system. Types of Neural Interfaces Electrooculogram (EOG) Signals are obtained from eye movements with sensors that are in contact with the skin on a user’s face. Electrical signals are generated by movements of the eyeballs, which then radiate throughout the facial skin and are captured by sensors.
Electromyogram (EMG) Signals are obtained from muscle movements with sensors that are placed on the skin. The contracting and relaxing of muscles produces electrical signals that are detected by sensors. Electroencephalogram (EEG) Signals are obtained from brainwaves with sensors located on a user’s scalp. Electrocardiogram (EKG) Signals are obtained from the heart, allowing devices to respond to changing heart rates. Neural Electrode Signals are obtained directly from active neurons using electrodes. Neural electrodes provide a two-way data transmission between mind and machine. Resist Neural Interfaces Neural Interfaces are dangerous to say the least. Paralleled with other medical advances and benefits, such as helping the handicapped, are dangers that until recently have only been discussed in a science fiction context. With the incremental expansion of technology and the creation of Hybrid Computers, we are approaching the end of mankind‟s scientific achievements. (See Hybrid Computers) The nightmare scenarios that are unfolding all point to the fig tree blossoming as the Beast‟s system gains strength. Besides the technology that is made known and available to the public, one wonders what is actually being hidden from the public view and scrutiny. With military technology decades ahead of the publics, many wonder what kind of hybrid technology is being held in secret. What is it capable of? What is it doing right now? What will it do in the coming years? What will this technology ultimately do to mankind as the Beast system consumes the world? With much of the New World Order‟s policies discussed and decided in secret, it is only logical that large scientific breakthroughs and experiments are concealed with the same kind of secrecy. Do not accept a Neural Interface for “enhancement” purposes. Whether a member of The Resistance who is handicapped or has a medical condition requiring a Neural Interface and accepts it, is a personal decision, but be careful. This is dangerous territory. Forced Neural Interfaces in prisons will likely replace medication and rehabilitation therapy. Our mind is the last safe place on Earth, and now even that is under attack. Power to the Resistance! # 1 InformationWeek Sep 5, 2001 Stephen Hawking Warns of „Terminator‟-Style Menace by David M. Ewalt # 2 Washington Post October 13, 2003 Monkeys Control Robotic Arm With Brain Implants By Rick Weiss # 3 BBC Feb. 18, 2005 Brain-controlled ‘robo-arm’ hope: Scientists in the US have created a robotic arm that can be controlled by thought alone. Michelle Roberts # 4 Wired Magazine March 2005 Issue 13.03 Mind Control by Richard Martin # 5 Reuters: Feb 3, 2005 US OKs Cyberonics depression implant-shares


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